The causes of acne are multi-factorial and different for each person, and therefore the treatments used vary from person to person. Acne is characterized by prolonged continual scarring, inflammation and redness, overproduction of oil, bacterial overgrowth and loss of collagen and elastin. If left untreated Acne can lead to permanent scarring.
There are a number of contributors to the formation of acne. Excess oil and sebum production exacerbated by hormonal influences on sebaceous glands, as well as dead skin physically blocking pores can cause acne. A bacterium named Propionibacterium acnes (p.acnes) has also been implicated as a cause of acne.
The treatment strategy for acne includes feeding the skin more nutrients, stimulating collagen, removing scar tissue, calming inflammation, repairing DNA, restoring the skin barrier, increasing epidermal turnover and normalizing moisture and healthy bacteria.