Hyperpigmentation is usually caused by an overstimulation of the melanin-protective system. This leads to excess production and clumping of pigment granules in the superficial layers of the skin resulting in, the appearance of brown spots (age spots).
Hyperpigmentation is characterized by localized overproduction of pigment, loss of antioxidant protection, fewer nutrients for repair, increased scar tissue deposits and loss of collagen and elastin.
Excessive skin pigmentation is a result of abnormal production and deposition of melanin by the Melanocytes (pigment cells). Damage from UV, toxic skin care, hormones, physical trauma and genetics are contributing factors to the onset of pigment related disorders.
The treatment strategy for hyperpigmentation includes feeding the skin antioxidants, removing scar tissue and cellular debris, restoring the barrier, increasing epidermal turnover and improving the skin’s repair response and UV protection.
Melasma, otherwise known as the pregnancy mask, is characterized by bilateral hyperpigmentation (both sides of face) and bunching of pigmented spots. Melasma has been attributed to impairment of DNA of the Melanocytes, leading to cell dysfunction. It often occurs around the mouth, cheeks and forehead. It is a difficult condition to treat and is influenced by pregnancy and birth control. It is exacerbated by heat, UV, spicy foods, alcohol, exercise, harsh skin products and Laser/IPL treatments.
The treatment strategy for Melasma includes feeding the skin antioxidants, removing scar tissue and cellular debris, calming inflammation, increasing epidermal turnover, normalizing or the replacement of damaged Melanocytes (pigment cells) and repair of DNA to improve the repair response and UV protection. Specialized serums containing Tyrosinase inhibitors and pigment blockers are essential for the treatment and maintenance of this type of pigment disorder.